Is Crabs Halal? – According to Islamic Perspective

Are you wondering whether crabs is halal? The answer to this question depends on who you ask and which Islamic school of thought they follow.

According to the Quran, all sea animals are halal (or permissible to eat) as long as they have scales.

However, the Quran does not specifically mention crabs or other crustaceans. Therefore, the permissibility of eating crabs is a matter of interpretation.

Some Islamic scholars believe that crabs are haram because they do not have scales. They argue that the Quran only mentions fish that have scales, and that crabs are not fish.

In this article, we will explore the topic of whether crabs are halal or not, considering different perspectives and factors that come into play.

What is Crabs?

crabs are a type of crustacean that are highly prized for their delicious meat. They are commonly caught and consumed in many coastal regions around the world.

Crabs have a hard exoskeleton and are known for their unique body structure, with a broad carapace and five pairs of legs. The meat of crabs is considered a delicacy and is enjoyed in a variety of culinary preparations.

Different species of crabs are sought after for their distinct flavors and textures. Some popular varieties include blue crabs, Dungeness crabs, king crabs, snow crabs, and stone crabs. Each species has its own unique taste and characteristics.

The Debate Surrounding Crabs

When it comes to crabs, there is a difference of opinion among Islamic scholars regarding their permissibility. The main point of contention is whether crabs fall under the category of seafood that is halal or haram.

Some scholars argue that since crabs are not classified as fish, they cannot be considered halal.

Others contend that since crabs live in water and have a similar lifestyle to fish, they should be permissible for consumption.

The Hanafi Perspective

According to the Hanafi school of thought, which is one of the four major schools of Islamic jurisprudence, crabs are considered haram.

Hanafi scholars argue that for seafood to be halal, it must have fins and scales, and since crabs lack scales, they are prohibited.

Therefore, followers of the Hanafi school would consider crabs to be non-halal.

The Shafi’i Perspective

In contrast, the Shafi’i school of thought holds a different opinion on the matter. According to Shafi’i scholars, all seafood, including crabs, is permissible as long as it is not harmful or toxic.

They do not require seafood to have scales to be considered halal. Therefore, followers of the Shafi’i school would consider crabs to be halal.

Other School Perspectives

Apart from the Hanafi and Shafi’i perspectives, there are additional viewpoints on the permissibility of crabs.

Some scholars take a more lenient approach and argue that crabs can be considered halal due to their resemblance to fish in terms of habitat and lifestyle.

Others may adopt a cautious stance and advise individuals to abstain from consuming crabs to avoid any potential controversy.

Nutritional Value of Crabs

Crabs offer a range of nutritional benefits and are a good source of several essential nutrients. Here are some key components of the nutritional value of crabs:

  1. Protein: Crabs are rich in high-quality protein, which is essential for building and repairing tissues, supporting immune function, and providing energy. Protein is especially beneficial for muscle development and maintenance.
  2. Omega-3 Fatty Acids: Certain species of crabs, such as Dungeness crabs and blue crabs, contain omega-3 fatty acids, including EPA (eicosapentaenoic acid) and DHA (docosahexaenoic acid). Omega-3 fatty acids are known for their heart-healthy benefits and may help reduce inflammation, support brain health, and promote optimal functioning of various body systems.
  3. Vitamins: Crabs are a good source of various vitamins, including vitamin B12, which is important for nerve function and the production of red blood cells. They also provide vitamin A, which is beneficial for vision, immune function, and skin health.
  4. Minerals: Crabs are rich in minerals such as zinc, copper, selenium, and phosphorus. Zinc is essential for immune function, wound healing, and protein synthesis. Copper plays a role in energy production, collagen formation, and iron absorption. Selenium acts as an antioxidant and is involved in thyroid function. Phosphorus is important for bone health, energy metabolism, and DNA synthesis.
  5. Low in Fat: While the fat content may vary among crab species, most crab meat is relatively low in fat and contains minimal saturated fat. This makes it a favorable choice for individuals seeking a low-fat protein source.

It’s important to note that the specific nutrient composition can vary depending on the species of crab and the cooking method used.

Additionally, crab meat is often enjoyed with condiments like butter or sauces, which can add extra calories and fat.

Therefore, it’s beneficial to consume crab meat in moderation and consider the overall balance of your diet.


The question of whether crabs are halal or not remains a topic of discussion among scholars.

The Hanafi school of thought considers crabs to be haram due to the absence of scales, while the Shafi’i school permits their consumption.

Other scholars may adopt different perspectives, and individuals should seek guidance from their religious authorities.

Ultimately, it is essential to respect and follow the dietary guidelines and rulings of one’s own faith.

FAQs About Crabs Halal

Are crabs considered halal in all schools of Islamic jurisprudence?

No, there are differences of opinion among scholars regarding the permissibility of crabs.

Can Muslims consume any type of seafood?

Muslims can consume seafood that is considered halal according to their respective schools of thought.

What is the reasoning behind the Hanafi perspective on crabs?

Hanafi scholars require seafood to have fins and scales to be considered halal, which crabs do not possess.

Is Lobster Halal?

Yes, lobster is halal if it has been slaughtered according to Islamic guidelines.

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